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US - 10 - WHII - Modern Crimes Against Humanity: Assignment Zinn/Duquette



Spring 2019


Modern Crimes Against Humanity Trial 2018

Most studies of the twentieth century revolve around the World War II era, including the genocide and war crimes

that were committed by various nations and leaders. In the post-WWII era, there were several instances of crimes

against humanity committed around the world. We would like you to have a greater understanding of the definition of

“crimes against humanity”, “genocide”, and “human rights” as they changed and how they were applied to new



Your task is to a) read and review the definition of “Crimes Against Humanity,” including the subcategories

of “Genocide” and “Human Rights Violations”, and “War Crimes” as compiled by the United

Nations in 1948 and the International Military Tribunal, b) create a script that states how your country was guilty of

violating any or all of these definitions to put members of your country on trial to prove the accusations.


Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes definitions and documents can be found in the Unit 11 folder in Google



The class will be divided into groups investigating:

● Rwanda in 1993-1994

● Saddam Hussein in Iraq 1980s-2003

● Slobodan Milosevic in former Yugoslavia 1990s

● Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir in Sudan in 2000s

● Augusto Pinochet in Chile 1970s-1990

● Bashar al-Assad in Syria in 2010s


The main areas of investigation will be:

1) Treatment of people in opposition

2) The treatment of civilians, in their own country and in conquered areas

3) The treatment of specific ethnic or racial groups


Important Dates:

Library Research: Thursday, Apr. 11 (A) – Monday, Apr. 15 (A)

Script: Hard copy due at the end of class on Monday, Apr. 15 (A), and submit one full script to (the class ID & Password are on MyLatin page).

Group Work: Tuesday, Apr. 16 (B)

Trials: Wednesday, Apr. 17 (A) & Tuesday, Apr. 23 (B)

Debrief/Discussion: Wednesday, Apr. 24 (A)




1. Each group member’s script must be typed, and double-spaced in a reasonable font.

2. You must use Chicago-style formatting, use short-form, for footnotes and number your pages.

3. Your group must use a minimum of four sources; you must include a Chicago-formatted Bibliography,

and include URLs in your Bibliography entries.

a. One source must be from a database.

b. One source must be from an actual book (not a general encyclopedia).

c. One source must be a visual (map, artwork, cartoon, photograph, chart, etc.).

d. Each group member must use a different Primary Source (so you will have more than one primary

source for your group) - please make a note in Bibliography as to which primary source was used

by which group member.

4. Opening statement: event context, charges, introduction of main primary source witnesses, connection

between events and charges/definitions

5. Closing statement: summary of charges and make connections between events and charges/definitions to

“prove” your country violated Crimes Against Humanity and/or War Crimes



1. Trial Script - using evidence to support your group’s perspective about how your country or government was a

major violator of “Crimes Against Humanity” and/or “War Crimes” as defined by the United Nations and the

International Military Tribunal – these violations could be for one, two, or all three of the counts.

a. The script must be your questions as a prosecutor and answers of the witness(es)

b. The notes must outline the evidence that you will present as a witness.

c. You must use Chicago-formatted footnotes.

2. Jury Notes (INDIVIDUAL GRADE) – as you listen to the trials, you are to take notes on how the teams support

their thesis about how their government or country was a major violator of “Crimes Against Humanity” as defined by

the UN and IMT – these violations could be for one, two, or all three of the counts.



The overall point value for this assignment is 45 points

Individual Grade:

- Trial Script (15 points) - include: opening statement, event context, charges, various primary source

witnesses, connection between event and charges, closing statement

- Jury Notes (5)

Group Grade:

- Opening/Closing statements, separate from witness testimonies (5)

- Everyone participates equally in trial (5)

- Source requirements fulfilled (5)

- Chicago-formatted Bibliography and footnotes (10)

Please note: if you do not submit to on time or if you are not on task in the Library, you will lose up to 5



Please be aware of the following:


Plagiarism is improper use or misrepresentation of sources. It involves taking credit for information that

comes from another source without proper citation of that source. The following examples of plagiarism are

given by James D. Lester in Writing Research Papers: Offering someone else's words or ideas as one's own, use

of another person's work and representing it as one's own, copying a direct quotation from a source without

citation or quotation form, the paraphrasing of another's idea without proper identification or citation of the

source. This would include "slight" paraphrasing, or changing only a few words in a sentence, but basically

copying that sentence without giving any credit to the author. Some forms of plagiarism are blatant; others

are unintentional but careless. Any kind of plagiarism constitutes an unacceptable breach of academic

honesty, and may be considered an Honor Code offense.


For further information on plagiarism and help with Chicago-style formatting, see the Lib Guide, or your

teacher or Mrs. Paschal. If you have any concerns or questions, please ask.


**Once your group has decided how you are dividing up topics within your country, please let your teacher

know the focus for each individual group member; you will need to have this decided by the end of our first

day in the Library, which is Thursday, April 11.