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US -11H - Environmental Science - Urbanization Research Guide-2016: MLA Citation


Create your Works Cited FIRST! It is much easier to format your in-text citations if you have done the Works Cited page. 

Creating Your Works Cited Page

Consult this resources when creating your in-text citations and Works Cited page. 

Citation Maker: Offers an example that is formatted properly. Fill in the blanks appropriately. 

Oregon School Library Information System Citation Maker

  • Please note: when exporting your citations, they will NOT appear in alphabetical order or indented properly



Citing Primary Sources: Citing a primary source is NOT DIFFICULT. Where did you find it? On the web? In a book?  That is what you cite. If the source is on the web, cite it as a "Short Work from a Website". If it is in a book, cite the book.  Just because it is a primary source, doesn't mean you cite it in a special way. 

When a Citation is Provided:   The general rule of thumb is NOT to copy and paste a citation provided by a website or database.  Instead, compare the citation provided to the correct MLA format provided by the Purdue OWL website and edit as needed.  Ultimately it is ALWAYS your responsibility to make sure that your citation is in proper MLA format.

In-Text Citation Tips

In-Text Reminder: use the first word in the citation in parenthesis (ignore A, An, The; start with title if there is no author)


"Inside the Islamic State Kidnap Machine." Magazine. BBC, 22 Sept. 2015. Web. 25 Sept. 2015. 

  • In-text: ("Inside").

Tyn, Jo. "The Industrial Age." Technology in World History. Ed.  Bo Duke. Vol. 5. New York: Oxford, 2005. 44-56. Print.

  • In-text: (Tyn 48).

Citing eBooks

Books (Web)

General book format:  

AuthorLastName, AuthorFirstName. Title of Book. Publication Location: Publisher, Year. Online Library or Retrieval Service. Web. Day month year of access. 


Burnett, Frances Hodges. Little Lord Fauntleroy. New York: Scribner & Sons, 1866. Google Book Search. Web. 29 Sept. 2009.

Book with an editor instead of an author: 


EditorLastName, FirstName, ed. Title of Book. Place of Publication: Publisher, Date of Publication. Online Library or Retrieval Service. Web. Day month year of access.   


Perkins, Kathy E., ed. Black Female Playwrights: An Anthology of Plays before 1950. Bloomington, IN: Indiana UP, 1990.NetLibrary. Web. 5 Jan. 2009


Borrowed from College of San Mateo Library 

Citing a Short Work from a Website

 How to cite a short work from a website, A Writer's Reference, 8th ed. pg. 447


Author: last name, first. "Title of the Short Work/Page." Title of Website. Sponsor, update date. Medium. date of access. <web address  required>.


Gallagher, Sean. "The Last Nomads of the Tibetan Plateau." Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. Pulitzer Center, 25 Oct. 2012. Web 30 Oct. 2013. <>.


Works Cited Help: Anthology, Multivolume, and Database Article

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Multivolume Work: 


Citing a Database