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US - MLA 8 Citation LibGuide-2016-2017: Citing Sources (MLA)

FYI

Create your Works Cited FIRST! It is much easier to format your in-text citations if you have done the Works Cited page. 

Click HERE for directions on how to set up your paper in MLA format using Google Docs.

Images below are best viewed by enlarging the page. From a Mac, click COMMAND+ or pinch to zoom out on an iPad. 

Creating Your Works Cited Page

Consult these resources when creating your in-text citations and Works Cited page: 

Citation Maker: Offers an example that is formatted properly. Fill in the blanks appropriately. 

 

Reminders:

Citing Primary Sources: Citing a primary source is NO DIFFERENT than citing a secondary source. Cite the source in which you found the material. If the source is on the web, cite it as a "Short Work from a Website". If it is in a book, cite the book.  
When a Citation is Provided:   The general rule of thumb is NOT to copy and paste a citation provided by a website or database.  Instead, compare the citation provided with the correct MLA format provided by the Purdue OWL website, and edit as needed.  Ultimately it is ALWAYS your responsibility to make sure that your citation is in proper MLA format.

In-Text Citation Tips

In-Text Reminder: Use the first word in the Works Cited entry and place it in parenthesis (ignore "a," "an," & "the"). If no author is given, start with the first word of the title. Provide the appropriate page number if the source is paginated. 

REMEMBER: WHATEVER APPEARS FIRST IN THE WORKS CITED ENTRY IS WHAT WILL BE USED TO CREATE THE IN-TEXT CITATION.

 

EXAMPLES:

Short Work from a web site:

"Social and Historical Context:Vitality." Arapesh Grammar and Digital Language Archive Project, Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, www.arapesh.org/socio_historical_context_vitality.php. Accessed 22 Mar. 2016.

  • In-text citation: ("Social").

Book with one author:

Bowker, Gordon. James Joyce: A New Biography. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2012. 

  • In-text citation: (Bowker 17). 

 

Citing a Database

****Copy Permalink provided from each source. The URL will not take you back to the article. 

From A Writer's Reference, 8th edition, pp. 478-9

 

Citing a Short Work from a Website

How to cite a short work from a website, A Writer's Reference, 8th ed. pg. 447

FORMAT:

Author: Last name, First. "Title of the Short Work/Page." Title of Website. Sponsor (if different from title of website), update date, URL required. Date of access (INCLUDED ONLY IF NO UPDATE DATE GIVEN). 

SAMPLE:

Gallagher, Sean. "The Last Nomads of the Tibetan Plateau." Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. Pulitzer Center, 25 Oct. 2012, www.pulitzercenter.org/reporting/china-glaciers-global-warming-climate-change-ecosystem-tibetan-plateau-grasslands-nomads.

"Losing a Country, Finding a Home." Amherst College, www.amherst.edu/academiclife/departments/russian/acrc/lcfh. Accessed 4 Jan.2016. 

 

Citing an Anthology, Edition other than first, Multivolume Work, and Sacred Text

From A Writer's Reference, 8th edition, pp. 488-9

Citing eBooks

E-Books:

Web Based

Author Last Name, First Name. Book title.  Edited by or Translated by (if provided), publisher, year. website title, URL.

Example:

Piketty, Thomas. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Translated by Arthur Goldhammer, Harvard UP, 2014. Google Books, books.google.com/books?isbn=0674369556. 

E-book/E-reader

Author Last Name, First Name. Book Title. publisher, year. e-book/e-reader.

Example:

Beard, Mary. SPQR:A History of Ancient Rome. Liveright Publishing, 2015. Nook.